Origins of World Currency Names

Name of
AfghaniAfghanistanderived from country name: “that belongs to or that is from Afghanistan”
Agora / AgorotIsrael (coins)Old Hebrew: אגורה – Agora. The name was suggested by the Academy of the Hebrew Language and was borrowed from Torah “agorat kessef” meaning “a piece of silver”. >אגורות – Agorot is the plural form.
AkşaTuva (old)In Tuvanian and in other Turkic languages: Akşa (pronounced as Aksha) means “Money”. It was the currency of the People’s Republic of Tuva from 1921 till 1944 when Tuva joined the USSR.
AngolarAngola (old)Portuguese: Angolar means “of Angola”
AnnaIndia, Burma, Pakistan (old coins)Word is borrowed from Hindi word ānā which has the Sanskrit root aṇu – “small”
AriaryMadagacar17th century currency unit consisting of 720 Variraiventy, a piece of silver equal to the weight of a rice grain. Ariary system is a nondecimal one which is divided into 5 Iraimbilaja
AtLaos (coins)derived from Thai At, a former coin worth one-eighth of a Füang
AuksinasLithuania (old)derived from Auksas: “gold” in Lithuanian (with special thanks to Audrius from Lithuania)
AurarIceland (coins)Plural of Eyrir from Old Norse “money”, probably from Latin Aurum “gold”
AustralArgentinaLatin: “Australis” – coming from the South, Southern, “Auster” – the South wind
AvoMacao (coins)Portuguese shortened from Oitavo “eighth” from Latin Octvus “eighth”
BahtThailandThai: บาท – Baht is a weight unit of 15 grams – Upto 1940’s the currency of Thailand was Tical which was 15 grams of silver
BaizaOman (coins)derived from the Hindi Paisa “a quarter”
BalboaPanamaVasco Nunez de Balboa – Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)
Ban / BaniRomania (coins)Ban means “money” in Romanian. Bani is the plural form
BirrEthiopiaIn Amharic (language of Ethiopia) Birr means “to be white”
BolivarVenezuelaSimon Bolivar – Venezuelan statesman who revolted against Spanish rule, founded Bolivia in 1825 (1783-1830)
BolivianoBoliviaMeaning Bolivian in Spanish. The country Bolivia itself was named after Simon Bolivar. (With special thanks to Don Cleveland)
CashChina (old)Please see Wen
CediGhanaIn Akan (a native language of Ghana) Cedi is a “small shell”
Cent, Centavo, CentimeMany countriesLatin: “centum” – a hundred, used in the meaning of “a hundredth”
ChonKoreaKorean: 전 – Chon (also spelled as Jeon) means 1/10. 1 Won is divided into 10 Chon.
ColonEl Salvador, Costa RicaCristobal Colon is the Spanish name of Christopher Columbus, explorer who discovered America (1451-1506)
CordobaNicaraguaFrancisco Fernandez Cordoba – Spanish explorer who discovered Yucatan (1475-1526)
CruzadoBrazilfrom the Portuguese verb “Cruzar: to bear a cross” – early Portuguese gold or silver coins that beared a cross on reverse
CruzeiroBrazilfrom Portuguese word: Cruz – “Cross”
DalasiGambiaA Gambian native name
DenarMacedoniaderived from Latin: “Denarius” – Silver Money
DinarMany countriesDinar is derived from Latin: “Denarius” – Silver Money
Dinara SrebruSerbiaSerbian: “Silver Dinar”
Dinara ZlatuSerbiaSerbian: “Gold Dinar”
DirhamMorocco, UAEArabic: درهم – Dirham is derived from the Old Greek word “Drakhme” which came to Latin as “Drachma” meaning “a handful”
DobraSt.Thomas and PrincipePortuguese: Fold, folding
DollarUSA and many other countriesfrom 16th century German: “Thaler” a short form of Joahimsthaler, coin made from metal mined in Joahimsthal, a town now in Czech Republic
DongVietnamVietnamese: đồng – literally “copper” or “bronze”, in modern Vietnamese Dong means “currency”. 1 Dong is divided into 10 Hào.
DrachmaGreeceOld Greek: δραχμή – Drakhme meaning “a handful” derived from the verb δράττω – dratto “to grasp”. It is also an ancient unit of weight equal to 60 grains.
DramArmeniaArmenian: Դրամ – Dram means “money” which was derived from the Greek word “Drachma”.
DucatAustria, Germany, Holland and many other countriesDerived from Ducatus – the Latin word for Duchy, which is ultimately derived from Latin Ducis: Duke.
EmalangeniSwazilandIn Swati language Langeni means money; Emalangeni is used as plural and Lilangeni is singular
EuroEuropean Unionderived from Europe. This name was the winning choice in a contest in 1996, and was invented by a group of scholars in Spain. (with special thanks to Roberto Cacciamani)
EscudoPortugal, Cape VerdePortuguese: Shield displaying coat of arms; from Latin: Scutum
FenChinaChinese: 分 – Fen means 1/100. 1 Yuan is divided into 100 Fen. (with special thanks to Kevin Au from Canada)
FennigaBosnia and Herzegovinaderived from the German “Pfennig”
FiliraCroatiaCroatian cognate of the Hungarian Filler.
FillerHungaryIn Hungarian Filler means “a very small amount of money”
FilsBahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, UAE, Yemen (coins)In Arabic the word Fals or Fils is derived from Latin word Follis meaning “piece of money”
ForintHungaryfrom Italian word “Fiorino” – Florin
FrancFrance and other French speaking countries14th century French word derived from Latin phrase: Rex Francorum – King of the Franks, inscribed on 14th century francs.
FunKorea (old coins)Korean: 분 – Fun is the cognate of Chinese Fen. 1 Whan, a silver Dollar, was divided into 500 Fun. (with special thanks to Kevin Au from Canada)
GourdeHaitiA tropical American evergreen that produces large round gourds
GrosCzech Rep. (Former Bohemia)Pronounced as grosh. Name of the coin equal to the one-thirtieth of a Thaler. The word is adopted from Latin (Denarius) Grossus: lit. “A thick coin” where grossus being “thick”
GroschenGermany and Austria (coins)Derived from the Czech Gros, ultimately from Latin Grossus
GroszPoland (coins)Grosz was a 3.2 gr. silver coin equivalent of 12 Denarius in the 14th century in Poland. Derived from Latin Grossus
GuaraniParaguayIndigenous people living in Paraguay and Bolivia
GuldenHolland, Surinam, Netherlands AntillesDutch: Golden
HalerCzech Republic (coins)derived from the German “Haller”
HalierSlovakia (coins)derived from the German “Haller”
HàoVietnamOriginally Hào is a unit of weight in Vietnam equal to 3.77 miligrams. In currency terms it is used as one tenth of a Dong.
Heller / HallerGermany (coins)from SchwäbischHall, town near Stuttgart where the coins were minted
HryvniaUkraineHryvnia was the currency unit of the Kievian Rus in the 11th century. Originally the word meant “neck” and used for the valuable things worn around the neck.
HwanKorea (old)Korean: 환 – Hwan derived from Chinese 元 Yuan, was the currency unit in South Korea from 1953 till 1962.
IntiPerua regional word from Quechua, Peru meaning “Sun” the principal god of Inca culture (with special thanks to Massimo Accordi)
IraimbilanjaMadagacar (coins)Iriambilanja means “one iron weight” in Madagascar language which is one fifth of an Ariary
JeonKoreaKorean: 전 – Jeon (also spelled as Chon) means 1/10. 1 Won is divided into 10 Jeon.
JiaoChinaChinese: 角 – Jiao means 1/10. 1 Yuan is divided into 10 Jiao. (with special thanks to Kevin Au from Canada)
KarbovanetzUkraine, BelarusThe name given to Ruble in Ukraine and Belarus derived from German word Kerbe: To carve, to cut; same as the meaning of the Ruble (with special thanks to Philippe Simon from France)
KhoumsMauritania (coins)from Arabic word Khoums “fifth”, 1 Ouguiya is divided into 5 Khoums
KinaPapua New GuineaKina means “pearl shell” in Pidgin and Kuanua languages
KipLaosIn Lao language Kip means “ingot”, a mold in which metal is cast
KoboNigeria (coins)derived from the English “copper” penny
Kopeck / KopekRussia, Belarus, Ukraine (coins)Kopeika is derived from “kopyo” meaning “spear”, from the image of a rider with a spear on the coins minted by Moscow after the capture of Novgorod in 1478
KorunaCzech Rep., SlovakiaCzech: Crown, head from Latin “Corona”
Kran / QiranIran (old)Persian قران – Kran was 1000 Dinar or one tenth of a Toman. The Rial replaced Kran in 1932.
KroneScandinavian currenciesLatin: Corona – “Crown”
KroonEstoniaLatin: Corona – “Crown”
Kuan / GuànChina (old)Chinese 贯 – Guàn literally means “string the cash coins together (old Chinese coins had a whole in center)”. Guàn is an old unit equal to 1000 coins. (with special thanks to Fung Nai Chuen – moneyissuer from Hong Kong)
Kuan Wen Sheng / Guàn Wen ShengChina (old)Chinese 贯文省 / 贯聞省 – Guàn Wen Sheng in Chinese literally means “string the cash coins together”. It is an old unit equal to 770 / 800 cash coins used between 1168 – 1279 AD. (with special thanks to Alex Fung – moneyissuer from Hong Kong)
KunaCroatiaCroatian : “Marten” – a small furred animal, as its fur was unit of exchange in medieval trading
KurusTurkey (coins)Pronounced as Kurush, derived from the Austrian Groschen, ultimately from Latin Grossus
KwachaMalawi, ZambiaIn Bemba (Zambian language): “Dawn” symbolizes the Zambian nationalist slogan “New dawn of freedom”
KwanzaAngolaIn Swahili the word literally means “the first fruits”, but the currency takes its name from Kwanza River in Angola
KyatMyanmar (formerly Burma)Burmese: Kyat (pronounced as chat) literally means “round” and “flat”. Kyat has been used in the 19th century as unit of mass, approximately 16.33 grams.
LariGeorgiaIn old Georgian langauge ლარი – Lari means “hoard” or “property”
LatsLatviaDerives from “Latvija”: Latvia in Latvian language, Lati and Latu are plural forms (with special thanks to Audrius from Lithuania)
LekAlbaniaNamed after 15th century Albanian feudal lord Lek Dukagjini
LempiraHondurasLempira is an Indian Chief who opposed the Spanish
LeoneSierre Leonederived from country name
LeptonGreece (coins)Lepton (plural Lepta) means “small” or “thin” in Greek
LeuRomania, MoldovaRomanian: “Lion”
LevBulgariaBulgarian: “Lion”, the plural form is Leva
Leva Srebrni / SrebroBulgariaBulgarian: “Silver Leva”
Leva Zlatni / ZlatoBulgariaBulgarian: “Gold Leva”
LilangeniSwazilandIn Swati language Langeni means money; li- is the singular prefix and ema- is the plural prefix
LiraItaly, Turkey, Vatican, Malta, San MarinoLatin: “Libra” – “scales” or “pound”
LirotIsraelHebrew לירות – Lirot is simply plural of לירה “Lira”
LisenteLesothoPlural of Sente which is derived from “Cent”
LitasLithuaniaDerives from “Lietuva”: Lithuania in Lithuanian language, Litai and Litu are plural forms (with special thanks to Audrius from Lithuania)
LotiLesothoIn Sesotho (language of Lesotho) Loti is the singular form of Maloti
LummaArmenia (coins)derived from Armenian Lumay “small coin” which comes from Greek Noummos “current coin”
MalotiLesothoMaloti is the name of a mountain chain where there is the highest peak in South Africa
ManatAzerbaijan, Turkmenistanderived from the Russian word for coins “manyeta” (spells as “moneta”) which comes from Latin Moneta, “mint, money”
MarkGermanyOld English: “Marc” is a unit of weight of precious metals perhaps from the marks on metal bars.
MarkaBosnia and HerzegovinaKonvertibilna Marka is derived from German “Mark”, established by Dayton Agreement in 1995
MarkkaaFinlandIts etymology is the same as “Mark”
Mecidiye / MedjidieTurkey (old coins)Coins minted during the reign of Ottoman Sultan Abdulmecid or Sultan Mecid as more commonly called, which is pronounced as Medjid in Turkish
MeticalMozambiqueDerived from Arabic Mitqal: a weight measuring unit used for gold and other precious metals. Plural in Portuguese is Meticais. (with special thanks to H.E. Marc van den Reeck from Belgium)
MillimesTunusia (coins)from French Millième “thousandth” which comes from Latin Millesimus “thousandth”
Mohru / MoharNepal (old)Originally the Nepalese word is मोहर् – Mohar derived from Persian Muhr “seal”. 1 Mohar (Mohru) was an 8 anna silver piece. Mohru was replaced by Rupee in 1932 at a rate of 2 Mohru equal to 1 Rupee.
MongoMongolia (coins)Mongolian: мөнгө pronounced as Möngö means “silver”. 1 Tugrik is divided into 100 Mongo.
MunKorea (old)Korean: 文 – Mun was a cognate of the Chinese 文 – Wen meaning “cash”
NairaNigeriaAltered from the word “Nigeria”
NakfaEritreaNak’fa is a town in Eritrea that became the symbol of Eritrean resistance
NgultrumBhutanDzongkha: དངུལ་ཀྲམ – Pronounced as “Engultrum”. “Ngul” means “silver” and “trum” means “money” in Dzongkha, a Tibetan language.
NotgeldGermanyGerman: Notgeld is “emergency money” issued in Germany and Austria during economic crises. Although it is neither a currency unit nor legal tender, notgeld is still a specialised category in bank note collecting.
øre / ÖreSweden, Denmark, Norway (coins)from Old Norse Eyrir “gold coin” which comes from Latin Aureus “gold coin” from Aurum “gold”
OstmarkGerman controlled Eastern EuropeGerman: Ostmark is literally “East Mark”. The German Dahrlenskassen issued this currency in 1918 to be used in the German controlled Eastern Europe at that time. Later GDR Mark was colloqually called Ostmark.
OuguiyaMauritaniaa native word in Mauritania, Ouguiya system is nondecimal which is divided into 5 Khoums
Pa’angaTongaTongan: “Bean shaped pieces”
PahlaviIranBelonging or related to the Pahlavi Dynasty in Iran
PaisaIndia, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh (coins)derived from Sanskrit word Padamsah which means a “quarter”
PangChina (antique)Chinese 朋 – Pang is an antique unit equal to about 10 cypraea shells. Cypraea shells formed the base of the Chinese Moneraty System. (with special thanks to Fung Nai Chuen – moneyissuer from Hong Kong)
PapiermarkGermanyLiterally “paper mark” in German. As a result of hyperinflation after WWI Mark became worthless and was called Papiermark. In 1923 Rentenmark was introduced at the exchange rate of 1,000,000,000,000 (1 trillion) Marks.
ParaTurkey (old), Yugoslavia (old)From Persian word Pare which means “a piece”. In Ottoman currency system 1 Kurus was composed of 40 Paras. In today’s Turkish Para means “Money”.
PatacaMacaoPortuguese: “Paw”
Pence / PenniesEnglandPlural of Penny
PengőHungary (old)Hungarian: Pengő – meaning “twang”. Probably derived from the sound of a coin when thrown.
PenniaFinland (coins)derived from the German “Pfennig”
PennyEnglandIn Old English it was Penig which was derived from Pfenning which means “coin” in Old High German
PerperMontenegroDerives from a 21 carat gold coin minted by the Byzantine Emperor Alexis I in 1092. The coin was called in Greek Hyperpyron meaning “Highly refined” whereas in Latin Perperum (with special thanks to Philippe Simon from France)
PesetaSpaindiminutive of Peso
PesewaGhana (coins)In Akan (a native language of Ghana) Pésewabo is a seed of a plant, formerly used as the smallest gold weight
PesoMany Spanish speaking countriesSpanish: “Weight”
Peso OroDominican Republic, ParaguaySpanish: “Gold Peso”
Pfennig / PfennigsGermanyderived from Pfenning which means “coin” in Old High German
PfenigaBosnia and Herzegovinaderived from the German “Pfennig”
Piaster / PiastreEgypt, Lebanon, Sudan, Syriaderived from Italian Piastra “thin metal plate”
PoishaBangladesh (coins)In Bengali Poisha is a “quarter” which is derived from the Hindi “Paisa”
Pound SterlingEngland and many other countriesOld English: “Pund” from Latin word: “Pondus” – Weight; Sterling is drived from old English word “Steorra” – Star, referring to a small star on early Norman pennies
Pruta / PrutahIsrael (coins)Hebrew פרוטה – Pruta means a “coin of small value”.
PulAfghanistan (coins)from Persian word Pul which means “money”
PulaBotswanaIn Setswana (the language of Botswana) Pula means “Rain”
PuntIrelandIrish Gaelic: Pound
QepiqAzerbaijan (coins)Derived from Russian “Kopeika”
QindarkaAlbania (coins)In Albanian Qint / Qind (pronounced as chint) is a hundred and Qindarka is “one hundredth”
QuetzalGuatemalaSpanish: a kind of bird; zool: Pharomachrus mocinno
RandSouth AfricaNamed after Witwatersrand a region of northeast South Africa where the richest gold-mining areas in the world are located
RealBrazilPortuguese: 1) Royal, 2)Actual, 3)Real
ReichsmarkGermanyGerman: Reich is literally “realm” or “empire”. Reichsmark was the official currrency of Germany from 1924 until 1948.
Renminbi YuanP.R. of ChinaChinese: 人民幣 – “Renminbi” is the “People’s currency”; 元 or 圆 “Yuan” is literally “round object”
RentenmarkGermanyBank notes issued by the Rentenbank (Annuity Bank) were called Rentenmark. It was an interim currency introduced to stop the hyperinflation in 1923. In 1924 Reichsmark succeeded Rentenmark.
RialIran, OmanPersian ريال – Rial is a cognate of the Arabic “Riyal” which is derived from the Spanish word “Real”
RielCambodiaIn Khmer language Riel means “the one that shines, shinny”
RiffanRiff Republic (present Morocco)Derived from the name of the self-proclaimed state Riff Republic in 1921. The word originates from Arabic الريف – er-Rif meaning “countryside”.
RigsdalerDenmark (old)Danish: Rigsdaler – “Thaler of the realm” The currrency of Denmark until 1873 which was divided into 96 Skilling.
RiksdalerSweden, Norway (old)Norwegian/Swedish: Riksdaler – “Thaler of the realm”. The currrency of Sweden until 1873 which was divided into 48 Skillingar. Riksdaler courant in Norway was used until 1813 and was divided into 96 Skilling.
RinggitMalaysia, BruneiIn Malay Ringgit means “jagged” and was origianally used to refer to the serrated edges of the Spanish silver coins widely used in the area.
RiyalMany Arabic speaking countriesderived from the from Spanish word “real” meaning “royal”
RubelBelarusderived from the Russian “Ruble”
RubleRussiaRussian: Pубль – Rubl “silver bar” from the Russian verb “Rubit”- “to cut up”
RufiyaaMaldivesderived from “Rupee”
RupeeIndia, Pakistan, Nepal and othersfrom Sanskrit word “Rupya” – Silver
RupiahIndonesiaderived from “Rupee”
SatangThailand (coins)Thai สตางค์ – Satang is one hundredth of a Baht.
ScudoPapal States, Malta (old)Italian: Scudo, like Escudo, is also derived from Latin Scutum – “shield”. So called because the coins had a shield bearing a coat of arms. Scudo was the currency of the Papal States until 1866 and was divided into 100 Baiocchi.
SenIndonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Japan, Cambodiaderived from “Cent”
SeneWestern Samoaderived from “Cent”
SenitiTonga (coins)derived from “Cent”
SentiEstonia (coins)derived from “Cent”
ShahiIran, Afghanistan, India (old)In Persian, Shahi means that belongs to or related to the “Shah” – King. So the word may be interpreted as “Royal”. Also in ancient India and Afghanistan there were rulers called Shahi.
ShahivUkraineUkrainian шагiв – Shahiv is the plural form of Shah which was originally a silver coin egual to 3 grosz in the Polish-Lithuanian Union in 17th-18th centuries. Shahiv money stamps were used in the Ukrainian People’s Republic.
Shekel / SheqelIsraelHebrew: שקל – Shekel literally means “weight” and was used as a unit of weight of around 12 grams. Plural form is Sheqalim.
ShillingUK (old), Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania etcfrom the Old English and Old High German verb “Scilling” – “to divide”
SkillingSweden, Norway (old)Swedish and Norwegian cognate of the Shilling
SolPeruSol stays for Sun, meaning the “God of Sun” the principal god for Inca culture (with special thanks to Massimo Accordi)
SoldoItaly (old coins)Derived from Latin Solidus. Plural form is Soldi.
SolidusAncient RomeIn Latin “nummus solidus” means “solid coin”. The coin was originally gold therefore it was “solid”. The English word “soldier” derives from this word as they were paid with such coins.
SomKyrghyzstanKyrghyz: “Pure” (gold)
SomoniTajikistannamed in the honour of Ismoil Somoni (849-907) – the founder of the first Samanid (Tajik) State
Sou / Sol until 1715FranceSou is a derivation of Sol which is derived from the Latin Solidus. Sou is a slang word for “money” in French today.
SpeciedalerNorway (old)Speciedaler was the currency of Norway from 1816 till 1875. It was divided into 120 Skilling. Krona replaced Speciedaler when Norway joined the Scandinavian Monetary Union in 1875.
SrangTibetSrang, pronounced as sung in Tibet language, is a unit of weight equal to Chinese Liang about 37.50 grams (with special thanks to Phub from Bhutan)
StotinkiBulgaria (coins)derived from the Slavic word Sto a “hundred” meaning “hundredth”
StotinSlovenia (coins)derived from the Slavic word Sto a “hundred” meaning “hundredth”
SucreEquadorAntonio Jose de Sucre – South American liberator who revolted against Spain, first president of Bolivia (1795-1830)
SueldoSpain (old coins)Derived from Latin Solidus. Also means “salary” in today’s Spanish.
Sum / SomUzbekistanpronounced as Som – Uzbek: “Pure” (gold)
TaelChina (old)Chinese: 兩 – Liyang – a unit of weight equal to 40 grams (of silver). Today the unit is still used for weight measuring. In China it means 50 grams, whereas im Hong Kong 37.429 grams. The English word Tael originates from Malay tahil meaning “grain” which has its root in Arabic dahl – “grain”.
TakaBangladeshBengali word Taka comes from Sanskrit word Tankah.
TalaWestern Samoaderived from English “Dollar”
TalleroEritrea (old)Derived from German Thaler. It was the currency unit in Eritrea from 1890 till 1921.
Tam / TrumTibetIn Tibet language Tam / Trum means “money”. (with special thanks to Phub from Bhutan)
TambalaMalawi (coins)In Chewa (a Bantu language spoken in Malawi) Tambala is a “cockerel”
TamlungThailandin Thailand, Tamlung is a unit weight equal to 60 grams.
TangaTajikistan (coins)derived from the Uzbek Tenga
TangkaTibetDerived from Sanskrit word Tankah.
TankahIndia (old coins)Sanskrit word Tankah means a “stamped coin” which may be related to Mongolian Tamga “stamp, seal” or Turkic Tenge “balance”
TengaUzbekistan (Buhara – old)Uzbek (and also other Turkic languages): “balance, scales”, from Mongolian Tenkhe, from Chinese Tengse: “balance”
TengeKazakhstanKazakh (and also other Turkic languages): “balance, scales”, from Mongolian Tenkhe, from Chinese Tengse: “balance”
TenneTurkmenistan (coins)Turkmen (and also other Turkic languages): “balance, scales”, from Mongolian Tenkhe, from Chinese Tengse: “balance”
TetriGeorgia (coins)Georgian: “white”, due to the silver coins minted in ancient Georgia
ThalerGermany (old), Ethiopia (old)As the Dollar, from 16th century German: “Thaler” a short for of Joahimsthaler, coin made from metal mined in Joahimsthal, a town now in Czech Republic
ThebeBotswana (coins)In Setswana (the language of Botswana) Thebe means “shield”
TicalThailand, Burma (old)Burmese: Tical is a small unit of weight roughly equal to 5 grams.
ToeaPapua New Guinea (coins)Toea is a very valuable shell used for trading found in the depths of the ocean
TolarSloveniaDerived from the German word “Thaler” as the “Dollar”.
TomanIran (old)Persian: تومان – Toman: A gold coin formerly used in Persia worth 10,000 Dinars, the word comes from Turkish Tümen which ultimately comes from Mongolian Tümen meaning “a unit of ten thousand”
TugrikMongoliaMongolian: төгрөг pronounced as Tögrög – meaning “round”
WenChina (old)Chinese: 文 – Wen means “cash”. This unit is shown in the catalogs as Cash. The Wen notes are the first officially circulating banknotes in the world dating as back 960 A.D. In 1889 Yuan was introduced at the rate of 1000 Wen.
WhanKorea (old)Korean: 圜 – Whan was equal to 5 Yang later became Won.
WonKoreaKorean: 원 or 전 – Won (pronounced like on) derived from Chinese 元 Yuan
XuVietnamXu is derived from the French Sou
YangKorea (old)Korean: 兩 – Yang is the cognate of Chinese 兩 – Liyang. Yang was the currency unit of Korea between 1892-1902.
YenJapanJapanese: 円 – Yen – from Chinese 元 Yuan
YuanChinaChinese: 元 or 圆 – Yuan: literally “a round object”
ZaireCongo Democratic Republic, ZaireThe word Zaire is derived from the Kikongo (an ethnic language in Congo) word nzere meaning “river”. It refers to Congo River where the country takes its name. Congo originally means a “hunter”.
ZlotyPolandPolish: Golden